Analysis of Risk Factors for Falls in the Elderly at the Posyandu for the Elderly in Kradenan Village

Magfira Arrayan Salsa Billa Khomid, Novita Sari Dewi, Romadhoni Romadhoni


Elderly is part of a person's growth and development process, where the person has characteristics such
as wrinkles on the skin, loss of teeth and gray hair. Based on the Central Statistics Agency in Indonesia,
it is estimated that the number of elderly people will reach 207,930,000 in 2014 and 481,987,000
million in 2035. Increasing age causes degenerative processes that can increase the risk of experiencing
disease and decreased function in the elderly. One of the decline in function is the function of the decline
in the musculoskeletal system. Lower extremity muscle weakness causes balance disorders, these
conditions can pose a risk of falling. Falls in the elderly can be influenced by intrinsic factors, extrinsic
factors and situational factors. The type of research used in this research is descriptive analytic with a
prospective approach. The sample selection was done by consecutive sampling technique and according
to the inclusion, exclusion. Fall risk factors were measured using a questionnaire in the Technical Book
for the Implementation of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Function Tests from Perdosri. The
number of samples is 44. respondents with a high risk level are more respondent (81.8%) and are caused
by intrinsic factors.
Keywords : Fall risk factors, elderly, intrinsic factors, extrinsic factors, situational factors

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